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Milk Composition & Synthesis
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Milk Composition
Other Properties


Some other physicochemical characteristics of cow milk:

  • pH of normal milk is about 6.6 - 6.9 (milk of carnivores is about 6.2; human milk is about 7.0; cow colostrum as low as 6.0; milk from cows with mastitis as high as 7.5)
  • osmolality is about 0.3 M (osmotic pressure ~ 700 kPa)
  • ionic strength is about 0.08 molar
  • water activity is about 0.993


Properties
Milk Composition & Synthesis
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